John 5:1-14, A feast in Jerusalem (3/21/14)
The Chronological Gospel –
John 5:1-14, A feast in Jerusalem
John 5:15-47, A feast in Jerusalem, continued
Matthew 12:1-2, Mark 2:25-26, Matthew 12:5-7, Mark 2:27-28, Another Sabbath controversy
Luke 6:6-8a, Matthew 12:11-12, Mark 3:3-5, Luke 6:11, Matthew 12:14-15, A third Sabbath controversy
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In Matthew 23:37 (and Luke 13:34), Jesus says, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem…! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings…” If you read only Matthew, Mark, and Luke, it sounds like Jesus spent very little time in Jerusalem. If you read only John, it sounds like he spent most of his time there. Dr. Daniel, whose book we are following, did very careful comparisons and decided that Jesus made quite a few trips back and forth between Jerusalem and Galilee. Right after the events we’ve been reading about in Capernaum, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for one of the festivals.
Note that John 5:4 is omitted from many translations. It isn’t in the earliest and best manuscripts.
John 5:15-47, A feast in Jerusalem, continued (3/24/14)
Jesus healed the man at the Sheep Pool on the Sabbath. Jesus didn’t do
anything, but he did instruct the man to pick up and carry his mat, which is work. The Pharisees were annoyed at the man for carrying the mat, but they were more annoyed at Jesus for healing on the Sabbath. When they accosted him about it, he said, essentially, “My Father keeps working on the Sabbath, and so do I.” What the Father does on the Sabbath is run and govern the Universe, which apparently the Pharisees did acknowledge to be okay. But they were really
offended that Jesus called himself the Son of God!
Here’s an interesting thing about the Weymouth New Testament. Remember that Greek has a beginning “quotation mark,” but no ending “quotation mark.” Consequently it can be difficult to tell where Jesus stops speaking and John, in the light of decades in the company of the Holy Spirit, starts explaining. As near as I can tell, Weymouth gives the introductory quotation mark, but sometimes not the ending one! That’s honest, but it has the difficulty of making us read and think for ourselves.
Matthew 12:1-2, Mark 2:25-26, Matthew 12:5-7, Mark 2:27-28, Another Sabbath controversy (3/25/14)
As a rule of thumb, following the law is better than not following the law. The Pharisees followed the Law of Moses to the letter, but unfortunately they sometimes went well beyond the letter of the Law. The fourth commandment is “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy,” and the commandment goes on to say, roughly, “don’t work; don’t make anyone else work.” God wanted his people to have a day for worship and rest.
By Jesus’ time, the scribes and Pharisees had greatly expanded this commandment from God, to the point that everything that wasn’t compulsory was forbidden. Even if you were hungry, you couldn’t make food on the Sabbath, and the Pharisees indignantly accused the disciples of law-breaking because they had picked a little grain to eat raw. Jesus told the Pharisees that they didn’t understand the Law because they didn’t understand God.
1 About that time Jesus passed on the Sabbath through the wheatfields; and His disciples became hungry, and began to gather ears of wheat and eat them.
Luke 6:6-8a, Matthew 12:11-12, Mark 3:3-5, Luke 6:11, Matthew 12:14-15, A third Sabbath controversy (3/26/14)
2 But the Pharisees saw it and said to Him, "Look! your disciples are doing what the Law forbids them to do on the Sabbath."
25-26 "Have you never read," Jesus replied, "what David did when the necessity arose and he and his men were hungry: how he entered the house of God in the High-priesthood of Abiathar, and ate the Presented Loaves – which none but the priests are allowed to eat – and gave some to his men also?"
5-7 And have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the Temple break the Sabbath without incurring guilt? But I tell you that there is here that which is greater than the Temple. And if you knew what this means, 'IT IS MERCY I DESIRE, NOT SACRIFICE', you would not have condemned those who are without guilt.
27-27 And Jesus said to them: "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath; so that the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."
The scribes and Pharisees were continually at odds with Jesus on the subject of Sabbath-breaking. Now admittedly, God is pretty serious on the topic of keeping the Sabbath, but the scribes and Pharisees believed that even doing good could be evil if it was done on the Sabbath. Jesus said, no: good is good, evil is evil, and you are just too stubborn to learn the difference.
Notice that this incident is reported in Mark 3, Luke 6, and Matthew 12. Both Luke and Matthew used nearly all of Mark’s information in writing their own gospels; however, each one of them included material that Mark didn’t. First, they both used a source that we call “Q,” which we no longer have. Second, each of them included material that they thought would be of special interest to their own readers. John, of course, specialized in writing about incidents that no one else had mentioned. I think the best thing about Dr. Daniel’s harmony is that he gives us all the material we have about Jesus, arranged in a logical order.
6 On another Sabbath He had gone to the synagogue and was teaching there; and in the congregation was a man whose right arm was withered.
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7 The Scribes and the Pharisees were on the watch to see whether He would cure him on the Sabbath that they might be able to bring an accusation against Him.
8, 11-12 He knew their thoughts. "Which of you is there," He replied, "who, if he has but a single sheep and it falls into a hole on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? Is not a man, however, far superior to a sheep? Therefore it is right to do good on the Sabbath."
3 "Come forward," said He to the man with the shriveled arm.
4 Then He asked them, "Are we allowed to do good on the Sabbath, or to do evil? to save a life, or to destroy one?" They remained silent.
5 Grieved and indignant at the hardening of their hearts, He looked round on them with anger, and said to the man, "Stretch out your arm." He stretched it out, and the arm was completely restored.
11, 14-15 But they were filled with madness, and began to discuss with one another what they should do to Jesus. But the Pharisees after leaving the synagogue consulted together against Him, how they might destroy Him. Aware of this, Jesus departed elsewhere; and a great number of people followed Him, all of whom He cured.
Birth Announcements and Early Lives of Jesus and John the Baptist
Early Ministries of Jesus and John the Baptist
Jesus’ Early Ministry
Jesus’ Galilean Ministry
The Sermon on the Mount
The Sermon on the Plain
John the Baptist
Signs and Parables
Miracles and Mission Trips
Bread of Life
Miracles and Meanings
Transfiguration and TeachingsTo Jerusalem for the Festival of Tabernacles
Some Results of Luke’s Research
More of Luke’s Research
On the Road Again
The Raising of Lazarus
Holy Week: Palm Sunday and Monday
Holy Week: Tuesday, Parables and Questions
Holy Week: Wednesday Part 1, Discussions
Holy Week: Wednesday Part 2, Be Ready!
Holy Week: Thursday Part 1,
Jesus' Celebration of the Passover
Holy Week: Thursday Part 2,
Jesus' Farewell Discourse
Holy Week: Friday Part 1,
Jesus' Arrest and Two Informal Trials
Holy Week: Friday Part 2,
Holy Week: Friday, Part 3, and Saturday, Jesus' Death and Burial
The Empty Tomb
Final Appearances of Jesus Prior to Pentecost
Copyright 2014 by Regina L. Hunter. All rights reserved. Scripture readings are from the Weymouth New Testament (1912); caps indicate quotations from the Old Testament. This page has been prepared for the web site by RPB.
Opinions expressed on this page are solely those of the
author, Regina Hunter, and may or may not be shared by the sponsors or the
Bible-study participants. Thanks to the
Holy Spirit for any useful ideas presented here, and thanks to all the readers
for their support and enthusiasm. All
errors are, of course, the sole responsibility of the author.
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