Jesus appeared on several occasions to his disciples,
both individually and in groups.
Who Saw the Risen Christ?
The Twelve Disciples
The Eleven Disciples, Matthew 28:16-20
Ten of the Disciples, John 20:19-25
Simon Peter, Luke 24:34-35
Thomas and the Other Disciples, John 20:26-31
Simon Peter in the presence of the Seven, John 21:15-25
Cephas, and then the Twelve, 1 Corinthians 15:5
Others Who Saw the Risen Christ
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John Wesley points out that not only was Thomas the first to acknowledge Jesus as both Lord and God, but he did so without putting his hand in Jesus’ side as he was invited to do. So I think “Doubting Thomas” is a completely undeserved nickname. Carl Bloch calls him “The Doubting Thomas,” but he also shows him as the only disciple on his knees!
Notice that translations are divided about vs. 29. Many have a statement, not a question, e.g., God’s Word: “You believe because you’ve seen me,” vs. English Standard Version: “Have you believed because you have seen me?” Personally I think the statement makes more sense, but I’m not going to argue about it if you like the question.
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"The Doubting Thomas" by Carl Bloch, now in the private collection of Regina Hunter. Photography by Daryl Lee.