The Law and Sin –

The Law:  Given by God


Psalms 19:7-14
Deuteronomy 4:44-5:22
Deuteronomy 4:1-14
Micah 6:6-8; Amos 5:14-15
Psalms 119:1-8

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Moses with the Tablets of the Law. Click to enlarge. See below for provenance.


Psalms 19:7-14 (5/2/11)

Today we start a new study, “The Law and Sin.”  We’ve all heard of THE LAW.  THE LAW of Moses.  THE LAW and the prophets.  The TEN COMMANDMENTS (delivered in the voice of James Earl Jones).  THE LAW and grace.  OK.  So what is it about the Law that’s so important?

Well, the first important thing about the Law is that it was given to us by God.  David tells us that God’s law is perfect, that it restores and rejoices us, and that it is more to be desired than gold.  One thing David especially likes is that the Law warns us and keeps us from presumptuous sins, a topic we’ll come back to in a few weeks.


Deuteronomy 4:44-5:22 (5/3/11)

A few weeks back I showed you the frontispiece of a Bible that showed Moses holding the tablets of the Law, and one of the most common ways of referring to the Law is as “the Law of Moses.”  Moses didn’t make up the laws, though.  Moses makes it clear that the law he set before the children of Israel was actually from God.  In addition, he says that the people knew this, because God had spoken to them face to face when he delivered the law to Moses.  A reasonable question to ask about rules is, “Who made up this rule, anyway?”  In the case of the Law of Moses, the answer is, “God.”


Deuteronomy 4:1-14 (5/4/11)

Americans tend to be Constitution-proud.  We think every nation on earth would be well off to have a constitution similar to ours, elections like ours, and apple pie that tastes as good as ours. 

The children of Israel felt the same way about the Law and where they got it.  “What other nation has such righteous laws as we do?” they asked.  “What other nation has a God so near?”  And they were justifiably proud, too, because the Law was extremely progressive for its time.  Today we may think that “an eye for an eye” is a little harsh; in other nations, the law was “a life for an eye.”

So they were right.  God gave the children of Israel a righteous Law.


Micah 6:6-8; Amos 5:14-15 (5/5/11)

Quick!  How many commandments are there? 

If you answered “10,” then probably you have watched too many Charlton Heston movies.  Actually there are 613.  Personally, I have to think for a bit to come up with 10, so remembering 613 is probably beyond my capabilities. Now, I suspect that all of the 613 are important, and I suspect (as some people might not) that I could find a modern application or parallel for every single one of them.  I’m just saying I couldn’t possibly remember them all.

So it is gratifying to me that the prophets tended to take a very high-level view of the Law.  When Micah says, “You have been told what is good,” he doesn’t enumerate 613 or even 10 commandments.  He gives us three:  do justice, love mercy, walk humbly with God.  Amos also gives us three:  hate evil, love good, establish justice.  These summaries of the Law are by no means easier to do, but they are easier to remember.

Psalms 119:1-8 (5/6/11)

The psalmist says that abiding by God’s Law makes us happy.  A quick web search didn’t turn up anything on that one way or the other, but think about this.  When the Albuquerque Journal publishes the photos of DWI offenders, property-crime offenders, etc., how many of them look happy?  OK, a few may be unhappy because they were wrongly convicted, but most of them are (a) guilty and (b) unhappy.  So, your call on whether to walk in the law that God gave us and be happy, or violate his laws and (usually) get arrested.

What’s the deal on “ALEPH”?  Psalm 119 is an acrostic psalm.  This means that each line in a given section starts with the same letter, and the sections are in alphabetical order.  Vss. 1-8 start with aleph, vss. 9-16 start with beth, etc.  Really hard to see this in translation, because it’s difficult to impossible to find 8 words that start with the same letter and make sense as the start of a sentence that is a reasonable translation of the verse.  What are you going to do with X, for example?

The first important thing to know about the Law is that God gave it to us.


More on The Law and Sin will be coming soon.

The Law: Given by God
The Law: Civil and Criminal
The Law: Ethics, Morality, and Love
The Law: Written in Our Hearts
Sin: Breaking of the Law
Sin: Apostasy
Sin: Separation and Estrangement
Sin: Unfaithfulness to God is Adultery
The Doctrine of Original Sin
Dead in Sin

Copyright 2011, 2013 by Regina L. Hunter. All rights reserved.

The woodcut of Moses with the tablets of the Law is from the Gartin family Bible, now in the private collection of Regina Hunter.


Opinions expressed on this page are solely those of the author, Regina Hunter, and may or may not be shared by the sponsors or the Bible-study participants.  Thanks to the Holy Spirit for any useful ideas presented here, and thanks to all the readers for their support and enthusiasm.  All errors are, of course, the sole responsibility of the author.

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