The Many Names of God –
Names of Jesus – Part 2
Luke 3:23, 4:16-23; John 1:45, 6:41-42, Son of Joseph/the carpenter's son
Mark 6:1-4, Son of Mary
Isaiah 7:10-14; Matthew 1:19-23, Emmanuel
Acts 4:9-18, 5:27-29, Jesus
More Names of God
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Luke 3:23, 4:16-23; John 1:45, 6:41-42, Son of Joseph/the carpenter's son (2/9/2009)
Did you know that surnames weren't invented until roughly the 12th century? English surnames like Hunter, Farmer, and Cooper tell you the occupation of your 12th-century ancestors in the direct male line. Another very common source of surnames in many languages is "son of...". Bar- (Hebrew), Mac- (Scottish), O'- (Irish), Ap- or P- (Welsh), -son (English), and -sohn (German) all mean "son of...". Before it turned into a surname, "son of ..." was used in such diverse times and places as the ancient Kingdom of Israel and the British Isles prior to the 12th-century to designate family relationships. So sometimes when Jesus is called the "Son of Joseph," it just means, "Jesus the son of Joseph
, as opposed to Jesus the son of James
." Our first two scriptures are of this sort. Philip even adds an address, presumably to distinguish Jesus bar Joseph of Nazareth from Jesus bar Joseph from some other village. (This was before Jesus was famous.)
Other times, this phrase can carry the connotation of "a guy we've known since he was a little kid." Anybody
you've known since he was a little kid can't possibly
be important! Parents often have this
response. Our second two scriptures express this kind of skepticism.
Random Walk in a Gallery of Religious Art, Step 59: Matthew 2:13-23, The Flight into Egypt, by Bernhard Plockhorst (8/20/15)
Mark 6:1-4, Son of Mary (2/10/2009)
This painting of the Flight into Egypt, probably by Bernhard Plockhorst, really gave me a new insight into the story. The young woman is lovely, and the baby is adorable, but Joseph dominates the scene. His staff on the right points the way and guards the child. His left arm is wrapped protectively around his wife. The baby’s sleeping, and the woman is drowsy. Joseph is looking fearlessly – even fiercely – forward. This is a painting about Joseph, and the story really is about Joseph, which I hadn’t paid a lot of attention to before. The baby and mother are not named; Joseph is called by name four times. The baby and mother take no action. Joseph is visited twice by angels and receives an additional warning dream; he rises immediately and takes his young family away in the middle of the night; he moves his family back to Israel; and he decides that they will live in a different town. I like this painting: it’s both instructive and beautiful.
Previous Step. Next Step.
"The Flight into Egypt" by Bernhard Plockhorst,
from the Gamble family Bible,
now in the private collection of Regina Hunter.
Did you see the article in the paper the other day about President Obama's brother getting busted for having a little bit of marijuana? Now, it's illegal, and I'm not defending him. But here's a fellow I never heard of before, who lives far, far away, and suddenly the President of the most powerful country in the world is getting some bad press because a half-brother that he hardly knows has gotten into trouble. Not to mention that the brother is getting international notoriety for a very minor crime. We saw the same sort of thing with Bill Clinton's brother and Jack Kennedy's father, and probably others that I don't remember. (I don't think Clinton and Kennedy were arrested; they just did something embarrassing.) Sometimes it just doesn't pay to have a family.
When Jesus visited Nazareth after he became famous, people used the fact that they knew his mother Mary and his brothers and sisters as an excuse for discounting what he was saying and doing. They said, "Isn't this Mary's boy?" It's sort of ironic that the Catholic Church venerates Mary because she was Jesus' mother, when his own neighbors spurned him for being her son!
Isaiah 7:10-14; Matthew 1:19-23, Emmanuel (2/11/2009)
We have read a number of scriptures that everyone in the Judeo-Christian community agrees are Messianic prophecies. We have read some that scholars disagree about, but not necessarily along Jewish/Christian lines. Today we read two passages that most Christians accept as parallels: a Messianic prophecy and a New Testament fulfillment. It appears to me that (1) many, perhaps most, Messianic Jews agree with that interpretation, and that (2) some few Jewish scholars take the OT passage as a Messianic, without, of course, agreeing that Jesus' birth is the fulfillment of it. It also appears that many Jewish scholars and some few Christian scholars do not think the OT passage is Messianic in the first place.
Although I'm going to spare you the details – because frankly even I did not find them riveting, the discussion centers around two points:
- whether the Hebrew alma should be translated "virgin," and
- whether the sign is to Ahaz alone or to the nation as a whole.
The first point is that alma
possibly could mean "young woman" and is sometimes translated that way, but some scholars maintain that it is never used in the Bible except to mean "virgin," and more to the point, that the Greek Septuagint, prepared about 300 BC by rabbis for Jews, uses a Greek word that means "virgin." The second point is the whole you/y'all problem that we've seen many times.
The one thing that practically everyone does agree on is that "Emmanuel" or "Immanuel" means "God with us."
(At least one person argues earnestly that it in fact means "God is
with us," a distinction without a
difference, since we've already learned that "to be" is rarely written out in Hebrew.) Emmanu
is Hebrew for "with us," and El
is one of the Hebrew names for God that
we've seen several times before. Many years ago, I heard the Rev. Russell Parchman preach a wonderful Christmas sermon in which he pointed out that God is not for
us, like a football fan in the stands, but with
us, right here on the playing field.
Reader Response: What do you mean by the "you/y'all problem that we've seen many times"?
Acts 4:9-18, 5:27-29, Jesus (2/12/2009)
Regina's Explanation: I got lazy and gave an inadequate explanation. Hebrew and Greek have separate words for you/singular and you/plural. English doesn't, but we do have you and y'all, which is what I give you when it makes a difference and I'm not too lazy. In Isaiah 7, sometimes Isaiah used "you" and sometimes he used "y'all" while he was talking to Ahaz (see "thee" and "ye" in the King James Version), which gives rise to questions about whether the prophecy was about something Ahaz would see personally, or about something the nation as a whole would see eventually, or both.
Did you see in the paper the other day that Val Kilmer says he has such good "name recognition" that if he runs for governor of New Mexico, he will win, period? Do you have "a good name"? Do you "have a name for" something? Do you shop for specific "brand names"? These are modern illustrations of an extremely old idea: the name and the person (or object) are identical.
We all know that Jesus' name was "Jesus," but I think we have gotten out of the habit of thinking about the person Jesus and the name "Jesus" as identical. Consequently we occasionally fall into the trap of thinking that the name "Jesus" is some kind of magical incantation. We say "In Jesus name amen" to ensure that our prayers are valid, without stopping to think about whether Jesus would pray for the same thing. We disobey traffic laws designed to protect public safety, secure in the belief that our "WWJD?" bumper sticker and our dashboard Jesus will keep us safe.
Peter, John, and the High Priests and Council did not make this mistake. Peter and John knew that "the name of Jesus" had the power to heal, not because of a magical incantation but rather because Jesus is innately powerful. The High Priests forbade preaching or teaching "in this name" because they knew that Jesus himself had the power to change lives. We dilute the power of Christ and the effectiveness of the Church when we use "Jesus" as an ordinary word instead of letting Jesus use us as an ordinary tool.
More Names of God
Names of God - Introduction
Sacred Names - Part 1
Sacred Names - Part 2
Other Names - Part 1
Other Names - Part 2
Other Names - Part 3
Names of Jesus - Part 1
Names of Jesus - Part 2
Names of Jesus - Part 3
Names of Jesus - Part 4
Names of Jesus - Part 5
Names of Jesus - Part 6
Names of Jesus - Part 7
Names of Jesus - Part 8
Names of Jesus - Part 9
Names of the Spirit
Copyright 2009, 2011, 2015, 2016 by Regina L. Hunter. All rights reserved. This page has been prepared for the web site by RPB.
Opinions expressed on this page are solely those of the
author, Regina Hunter, and may or may not be shared by the sponsors or the
Bible-study participants. Thanks to the
Holy Spirit for any useful ideas presented here, and thanks to all the readers
for their support and enthusiasm. All
errors are, of course, the sole responsibility of the author.
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